The summary of EV Types

Battery operated Electric Vehicle

100% Electric Vehicles or BEV (Electric Vehicles Operated by Batteries)

One hundred percent of electric vehicles, otherwise known as “battery electric vehicles” or “pure electric vehicles,” are wholly powered by an electric motor, powered by a battery that can be connected to the power supply. There is no combustion engine. When the vehicle is slowing down, the motor is put into reverse to slow the vehicle down, acting as a mini-generator to top-up the battery. Known as “regenerative braking”, this can add 10 miles or more to the range of the vehicle. As 100% of electric vehicles rely entirely on electricity for fuel, they do not produce any tailpipe emissions.

Plug in Hybrid

The battery is much smaller than in a 100 percent electric vehicle and has a tendency to drive the wheels at low or limited speeds. In most models, however, it is still sufficient to cover well beyond the majority of UK drivers’ average trip lengths.

The hybrid capability means the vehicle can continue journeys powered by its conventional engine after the battery range has been utilized. By using an internal combustion engine, plug-in hybrid vehicles tend to have tailpipe emissions of approximately 40-75g / km CO2

Extended-range electric vehicles

Extended-range electric vehicles are equipped with a plug-in battery pack and electric motor, and an internal combustion motor.

The difference from a plug-in hybrid is that the electric motor drives the wheels at all times, with the internal combustion engine acting as a generator to recharge the battery when depleted.

Range extenders can have up to 200 kilometers of pure electric range. This typically results in tailpipe emissions of less than 20g/km CO2.

Internal Combustion Engine

The term used to describe a regular car, truck or bus using a petrol or diesel engine.

Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment

The mean electric vehicle chargers by EVSE are basically. But not all charging points are always included in the term, since it actually refers to devices that enable two-way communication between the charging station and the electric vehicle.